31/01/2018
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1,000 years of British literary history now freely available online from the British Library

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More than fifty rare medieval manuscripts and early print editions, representing 1,000 years of British literary history have been released online on the British Library's Discovering Literature website.
 
Discovering Literature presents a new way to explore some of the earliest works and most influential figures of English literature.  From the first complete translation of the Bible in the English language to the first work authored by a woman in English, the website showcases many rarities and ‘firsts’ in the history of English literature. 
 

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Featuring extracts of medieval drama, epic poetry, dream visions and riddles alongside over 20 articles exploring themes such as gender, faith and heroism written by poets, academics and writers including Simon Armitage, Hetta Howes and David Crystal, Discovering Literature: Medieval offers a new way of accessing the British Library’s collections.
 
Scottish manuscripts
 
The site also includes the following works of medieval Scottish literature from the British Library’s collections:
 
  • One of the greatest collections of Scottish medieval verse, the Bannatyne Manuscript from the National Library of Scotland
  • Beautifully decorated manuscript of Robert Henryson’s Morall  Fabillis
  • David Lindsay’s morality play Ane Satyre of the Thrie Estaitisdigitised and put online for the first time

David Lindsay’s play is the only surviving dramatic text from pre-Reformation Scotland. The site hosts the printed edition of the play, and it’s especially interesting to see the National Library of Scotland's Bannatyne Manuscript alongside it, since this contains unique, bawdy sections of that play that did not make it into the print.

Discovering Literature

Dr Alex Whitfield, Head of Learning Programmes at the British Library, said: ‘Discovering Literature is a fantastic resource, which enables the British Library to open up its collections to a broader audience.  We are always trying to find innovative ways to help learners of all ages engage with the Library’s collections and we are so pleased that such extraordinary collection items and valuable academic insight can now be accessed by anyone, anywhere. Ultimately, we hope that the website will enrich the study and enjoyment of medieval literature for a new generation.’
 
The British Library has already published collections relating to Shakespeare and the Renaissance, the Romantic and Victorian periods, and 20th century literatureand drama, and will continue to add to the site until it covers the whole rich and diverse backbone of English literature, from The Canterbury Tales to The Buddha of Suburbia.
 
Discovering Literature website.
 
The project has been generously supported by Dr Naim Dangoor CBE The Exilarch’s Foundation since its inception, along with the British Library Trust and the British Library Patrons. Further development of the project is being supported by the Garfield Weston Foundation, Mark Pigott KBE KStJ, Evalyn Lee, Luci Baines Johnson and Ian Turpin, The American Trust for the British Library, The John S Cohen Foundation, The Andor Trust, and Allan and Nesta Ferguson Charitable Trust.

(images © British Library Board)

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