07/11/2018
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Elizabeth Stuart - the Winter Queen - was crowned - On this day in Scottish history

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Elizabeth Stuart, Queen of Bohemia, was crowned on 7 November 1619. For more on Scotland's kings and queens, read our special souvenir magazine.

She became known as the Winter Queen due to the short reign of her and her husband Frederick V of Bohemia, as the pair were forced into exile days after their coronation by the forces of the Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II, who claimed the throne by birthright.

Scottish roots

Elizabeth was the daughter of King James VI of Scotland and his queen Anne of Denmark. She was born at Falkland Palace in 1596 and brought up at Linlithgow Palace, moving to England when her father became king of England and Ireland after the death of Elizabeth I of England in 1603.

After being forced from the throne of Bohemia, Elizabeth and Frederick fled to Holland, where they remained until Frederick's death in 1632. Elizabeth eventually returned to London. Her daughter Sophia of Hanover married the Elector of Hanover and the English and Irish crowns settled on Sophia and her issue - meaning that Elizabeth's descendants through Sophia succeeded to the British throne.

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