Newly discovered archive charts the history of Glasgow's Erskine Hospital
Much of the precious archive was unearthed in a locked room, discovered by a member of staff in a disused room of an Erskine Hospital building. It is not known how long the objects and archive material had been stored in the room of the former Princess Louise Scottish Hospital for Sailors and Soldiers, but some items date back to the original founding of the hospital, which celebrates its centenary next year.
Some items had also been stored underneath floorboards in the old building as extra storage space while additional records and documents were kept in boxes in various rooms throughout the hospital.
NEW ARCHIVE PROJECT
The University of Glasgow’s Archives Services, through funding from the Wellcome Trust, has now teamed up with the veterans’ charity Erskine and appointed an archivist and a preservation assistant to work through the boxes of material to catalogue their contents.
Some of the items recovered include woodworking tools used by some of the recovering soldiers as part of their rehabilitation and training in new skills. They made a wide range of wooden medical appliances for disabled soldiers including the then revolutionary Erskine Leg - a prosthetic limb designed and pioneered by Sir William Macewen, co-founder of the hospital and Regius Professor of Surgery at the University of Glasgow.
It was Sir William’s compassion and determination to improve the lives of amputees in World War One which led to the advancement in prosthetics. The archive contains a full collection of wooden shoe-size moulds used in the workshops for the manufacture of prosthetic legs.
The archive collection will be stored and preserved at the University of Glasgow Archives, and Erskine are currently working on a patient database of every soldier admitted and discharged at the hospital during its history which will be a valuable research resource for families tracing their relatives’ history.
A 'LARGELY NEGLECTED' HISTORY
Steve Conway, Chief Executive of The Erskine, commenting on the collaboration with the University of Glasgow Archives, said: 'Archiving records and preserving artefacts was never high on the priority list until we started to prepare for our centenary. It was only then that we realised how much of our history had been recorded but largely neglected.
'The partnership with the University of Glasgow and the funding from The Wellcome Trust will enable us to restore, archive and digitise material which will be accessible to everyone. Hopefully these records and artefacts will help people to research family histories and also support research into the care of veterans with physical or mental injuries sustained in the service of their country.'
Dr Tony Pollard, Senior lecturer in History and Battlefield Archaeology, at the University of Glasgow, added: 'What we are unearthing at Erskine is quite remarkable. There are boxes upon boxes of wartime history which will shine a light on so many personal stories of bravery and endurance during the First World War, but also the incredible advancement in the treatment of injured personnel not just physically but mentally since 1916.
'This archive will not only chart the hospital’s history but also provide an insight into the many medical developments over the last century, methods which helped change care practices towards casualties of war around the globe. I am quite certain once we really start to delve into the vast collection, the findings will be used in research for many years to come.'
The archive team is hoping to find an original Erskine Leg and is appealing for public help. Only one known Macewen designed Erskine Leg survives in the British Museum, but archivists and historians at the University of Glasgow are convinced more could be still out there and are appealing to members of the public for help on this matter.
The project has been funded by the Wellcome Trust which awards grants to libraries and archives to support cataloguing, preservation and digitisation projects, underpinning research in the history of medicine, medical humanities and social science by making collections more easily accessible to researcher communities, including historians, humanities scholars, social scientists and those working in broadcast media.
For more on the Erskine charity, visit their website. To contact the University of Glasgow project team, tel: 0141 330 3535.