16/10/2018
Share this story Share on Facebook icon Share on Twitter icon Share on Pinterest icon Share on Google Plus icon Share on Linked In icon Share via Email icon

King James II of Scotland was born - On this day in Scottish history

8b833991-ceae-4d4e-8bfe-6395cdce716e

King James II of Scotland was born on 16 October 1430 at Holyrood Palace to James I and Joan Beaufort. James came to the throne at the age of six, after his father was assassinated, and lived with his mother and sisters at Dunbar Castle.

In 1439, the young king's mother and her husband Sir John Stewart were placed under house arrest at Stirling Castle until they agreed to hand James to Sir Alexander Livingston, one of the nobles who had been ruling in James II's name.

James II was considered to have reached an age of majority in 1449, at the age of nineteen, but he struggled to free himself from the influence of the powerful Douglas family, who had helped to rule during his minority. The earl of Douglas was murdered on 22 February 1452, throwing the kingdom into turmoil.

King James II of Scotland timeline

  • 16 October 1430 - Born at Holyrood Palace
  • 21 February 1437 - Inherited the throne after his father James I was killed
  • 1449 - Married Mary of Guelders
  • 1455 - Defeated the Douglases at the Battle of Arkinholm
  • 3 August 1460 - Killed accidentally by a cannon

QUICK LINK: A HISTORY OF HOLYROOD PALACE

Back to "Scottish Kings and Queens" Category

16/10/2018 Share this story   Share on Facebook icon Share on Twitter icon Share on Pinterest icon Share on Google Plus icon Share on Linked In icon Share via Email icon

Recent Updates

The QE2 passenger liner was launched - On this day in history

The QE2 passenger liner was launched on 20 September 1967. ...


Painter William Dyce was born - On this day in history

Scottish painter William Dyce was born on 19 September 1806.


Historian Gilbert Burnet was born - On this day in history

Scottish historian Gilbert Burnet was born on 18 September 1643.


Precious David Linvingstone tableaux painstakingly restored as part of a £6.1M heritage project

A group of precious polychromatic plaster tableaux depicting David Livingstone's historic journey to Africa ...


Other Articles

David Dunbar Buick was born - On this day in history

Scottish inventor David Dunbar Buick was born on 17 September 1854.


On this day in Scottish history - King James VII of Scotland died

King James VII of Scotland died on 16 September 1701. ...


The Hector emigrant ship left Loch Broom bound for Canada

The Hector emigrant ship left Loch Broom bound for Canada on 15 September 1773.


Geographer Robert Gordon was born - On this day in history

Scottish geographer Robert Gordon of Straloch was born on 14 September 1580. ...