25 September 2021
Archibald Campbell, First Duke of Argyll, died on 25 September 1703.
Archibald Campbell, First Duke of Argyll, died on 25 September 1703 at the age of 45. Campbell was the tenth Earl and the First Duke of Argyll and attempted to regain the lands his father had held firstly by courting the support of King James VII and then by becoming a champion of William and Mary, who restored his lands to him.
It was Campbell's support of King William which led to him becoming associated with the Glencoe Massacre of 1692 - as colonel in chief of the Earl of Argyll's Regiment of Foot, he helped to organise the massacre, although he took no part in the actual events.
Campbell was King William's chief advisor in Scotland and was made a duke for his efforts in 1701. He and his wife Elizabeth Tollemache had three children - John Campbell, the second Duke of Argyll, Archibald Campbell, the third Duke of Argyll and Anne Campbell, who married the second Earl of Bute.