03 October 2021
The Treaty of Berwick was signed on 3 October 1357. ...
The Treaty of Berwick was signed on 3 October 1357 at Berwick Upon Tweed. The Treaty, which brought the Second War of Scottish Independence to an end, agreed terms between the Scottish and English for freeing King David II from imprisonment by Edward III of England (the pair are pictured here).
David II had been taken hostage by the English at the Battle of Nevilles Cross in 1346 and a ransom of 100,000 merks was demanded for his relase. Only the first two instalments of the ransom were ever paid and the ransom caused widespread resentment in Scotland as taxes were increased to help make the payments.
King David II ruled Scotland until his death on 22 February 1371, at the age of 46. He is buried at Holyrood Abbey.