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This book provides the first detailed account of the course of Scottish politics in the reign of Charles II. It focuses on the years from 1667 to 1673, when, for the only time in the Restoration era, Scottish political leaders were able to make policy for Scotland with minimal interference from London and with Scottish interests chiefly in mind. The key players were the secretary of state, John Maitland, who was earl of Lauderdale and resident at court, and his chief agent in Edinburgh, John Hay, earl of Tweeddale, his first cousin, who became his ‘dearest brother’ when Tweeddale’s son married Lauderdale’s daughter. A third indispensible member of the group was Sir Robert Moray, their cousin by marriage, King Charles’s fellow chemist and close friend. Together the three inaugurated a programme of reform which had some initial success but in the end foundered on political and personal disagreements.
Maurice Lee makes effective use of the unpublished correspondence of the three, among themselves and with others, in telling the melancholy tale of the regime of this triumvirate for the first time. This book makes a substantial and original contribution to the history of Restoration Scotland.
Maurice Lee Jr is Margaret Judson Professor of History Emeritus at Rutgers University, New Jersey, USA. He is the author of numerous books on British, especially Scottish, history in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. He was awarded an honorary LLD degree by the University of St Andrews in 1994.