14/03/2019
Share this story Share on Facebook icon Share on Twitter icon Share on Pinterest icon Share on Google Plus icon Share on Linked In icon Share via Email icon

Map: The Border Lordships 1500-1600

fe0ca12a-7af6-4f9b-a5da-389e8036c96c

Explore the history of the Scottish borders in the 16th and 17th centuries with this detailed map.

The Scottish Marches were first introduced in the 13th century, in theory to stabilize a region notorious for its lawlessness, but with little noticeable effect. Frequent Anglo-Scottish conflict made farming unprofitable, spawning the Border Reivers (raiders) who subsisted on rustling and protection rackets. When war broke out, the Reivers acted as mercenary cavalry for both sides in the major battles: Flodden (1513), Solway Moor (1542) and Pinkie (1547).

Marches administration

The Marches were overseen by a Lord Warden (one each for Scotland and England) and three wardens apiece for the respective East, West and Middle Marches. The Scottish wardens tended to be drawn from the local gentry, while their English counterparts were sometimes southern aristocratic imports. The Marches were controlled from castles such as Carlisle and Caerlaverock, and country houses boasted ‘peel houses’ (fortified keeps). The Scottish Middle Marches, termed the ‘Cockpit of the Borders’, were even more lawless than the rest, and the ‘Debatable Lands’ were effectively outside the law.

QUICK LINK: Battle of Flodden 1513 map

Map created by The Map Archive, an online collection of world history maps. Discover more maps on The Map Archive website.

Back to "Scottish maps and resources" Category

14/03/2019 Share this story   Share on Facebook icon Share on Twitter icon Share on Pinterest icon Share on Google Plus icon Share on Linked In icon Share via Email icon

Recent Updates

Reverend Thomas Burns founded his Free Church settlement in New Zealand - On this day in history

On 23 March 1848, Reverend Thomas Burns founded the Free Church Settlement in New Zealand, which later became ...


Architect Alexander Greek Thomson died - On this day in history

Architect Alexander 'Greek' Thomson died on 22 March 1875 in Glasgow.


The Murrayfield Stadium was opened - On this day in history

Edinburgh's Murrayfield Stadium was opened on 21 March 1925.


Politician Robert Cunninghame Graham died - On this day in history

Scottish politician Robert Cunninghame Graham died on 20 March 1936.


Other Articles

Most popular forenames and most common surnames registered in Scotland in 2018 - new figures published

The most popular forenames and most common surnames registered in Scotland during 2018 have been revealed, in ...


Princess Louise: A royal artist - history series by Ann Galliard

In this history series Ann Galliard uses a wide range of resources to explore the career of Princess Louise ...


Princess Louise: The career of a royal artist, part 3

In the latest instalment of her series, Ann Galliard explores the princess's forays in design and ...


Dragsholm Castle in Denmark: prison of the 4th Earl of Bothwell, third husband of Mary Queen of Scots

James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell was imprisoned at Dragsholm Castle from 1573 until his death on 14 April ...