28/06/2018
Share this story Share on Facebook icon Share on Twitter icon Share on Pinterest icon Share on Google Plus icon Share on Linked In icon Share via Email icon

Vikings in Scotland, 1014-1104

5b1e94c9-cf87-4e44-a9da-7db7816f90e4

Explore key events from Viking Scotland, with this map covering the years 1014 to 1104.

igurd the Stout, Earl of Orkney, was Norse ruler of northernmost Scotland at the beginning of the 11th century. Upon his death in 1014, his patrimony was divided between his four sons, who feuded for many years.

The youngest, Thorfinn the Mighty, finally wrested control in 1030. Soon presented with a threatened invasion from Scots raiders under the Earl of Caithness, he first repelled a seaborne invasion of Orkney, then decisively defeated them on land at Tarfness. After Thorfinn’s death, his lands were divided between his sons, and their protracted rivalry provided an opportunity for invasion by the truculent King of Norway, Magnus Barelegs, at the end of the 11th century.

After first conquering the Orkneys in 1098, he based himself on the Isle of Man, from where he raided Anglesey, defeated the Norman Hugh of Chester and Hugh of Shrewsbury, before being ambushed and killed in Ireland in 1103.

Map of Viking Scotland 800-1014 and 1104-1469.

Map created by The Map Archive, an online collection of world history maps. Discover more maps on The Map Archive website.

Back to "Scottish maps and resources" Category

28/06/2018 Share this story   Share on Facebook icon Share on Twitter icon Share on Pinterest icon Share on Google Plus icon Share on Linked In icon Share via Email icon

Recent Updates

Geologist James Hutton died - On this day in history

Geologist James Hutton, who carried out pioneering studies into the formation of the earth, died on 26 March ...


Swandro-Orkney Coastal Archaeology Trust celebrates royal patronage

His Royal Highness Prince Charles, the Duke of Rothesay, has agreed to take on the patronage of the ...


Robert the Bruce was crowned at Scone - On this day in history

On 25 March 1306, Robert the Bruce was crowned King of Scots at Scone. ...


Princess Louise: The career of a royal artist, part 4

In part 4 of our history series based on new research on the life of Princess Louise, daughter of Queen ...


Other Articles

King James VI of Scotland also became King James I of England - On this day in history

On 24 March 1603, King James VI of Scotland also became King James I of England, on the death of Queen ...


Reverend Thomas Burns founded his Free Church settlement in New Zealand - On this day in history

On 23 March 1848, Reverend Thomas Burns founded the Free Church Settlement in New Zealand, which later became ...


Architect Alexander Greek Thomson died - On this day in history

Architect Alexander 'Greek' Thomson died on 22 March 1875 in Glasgow.


The Murrayfield Stadium was opened - On this day in history

Edinburgh's Murrayfield Stadium was opened on 21 March 1925.