10 September 2019
The Battle of Pinkie Cleugh was fought on 10 September 1547.
The Battle of Pinkie Cleugh was fought on 10 September 1547 between Scottish and English forces. Read the latest research on how and where the battle took place in History Scotland essays part I.
The battle, which was fought close to Musselburgh, was fought as part of the 'rough wooing' in which England's King Henry VIII tried to demand a marriage between his son Edward and the young Mary Queen of Scots.
The battle saw up to 36,000 Scottish troops face an army of around 16,000 English soldiers, but despite their superiority in numbers, the Scots were heavily defeated during a day which became known as 'black Saturday', with 15,000 Scots killed. However, despite England's victory, King Henry was still thwarted as after the battle, plans were made for union between Mary Queen of Scots and the Dauphin of France, who would become her eventual husband.